تأثیر شش هفته تمرین با دستگاه آیروتریم بر تعادل و دقت اجرا در تیراندازان دختر مبتدی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی / دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناس ارشد / دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: با توجه به نقش تعادل در افزایش دقت اجرا در تیراندازی به‌ویژه در حالت ایستاده، انجام تمرینات تعادلی در این رشته ورزشی از اهمیت خاصی برخوردار است. لذا هدف از این تحقیق، تأثیر یک برنامه‏ی شش هفته‌ای تمرین با آیروتریم (تاب سه بعدی) بر میزان تعادل و دقت اجرا در تیراندازان دختر مبتدی بود.
روش بررسی: تعداد 30 تیرانداز مبتدی با میانگین سنی 01/1±49/17 سال، وزن 01/8±60/56 کیلوگرم و قد 15/5±73/162 سانتی‌متر از یکی از هنرستان‌های ورزش شهر تهران انتخاب شده و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل و تجربی قرار گرفتند. از تست تعادلی بس (BESS) برای ارزیابی تعادل و از تست مخصوص تیراندازی برای سنجش دقت اجرای آزمودنی‏ ها استفاده شد.
یافته ها: یافته‏ های تحقیق با استفاده از روش‌های آمار توصیفی و مقایسه‌ای (آزمون‌های آماری تی زوجی و مستقل) تجزیه و تحلیل شد و نتایج تحقیق حاکی از بهبود معنادار در تعادل و دقت اجرای تیراندازان گروه تجربی (001/0P=) و اندازه اثر مطلوب برنامه تمرینی با دستگاه آیروتریم بود.
نتیجه گیری: به‌نظر می‌رسد انجام تمرینات با دستگاه مذکور با تأثیر بر سیستم‌های دهلیزی و پیکری می‌تواند به‌عنوان یک شیوه مناسب تمرینی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

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