تاثیر خستگی عملکردی بر حس وضعیت مفصل مچ پا در بازیکنان فوتسال زن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف و زمینه: خستگی یکی از مهم­ترین عوامل اثرگذار در بروز آسیب­ های ورزشی است. هدف از تحقیق حاضر، تعیین اثر خستگی عملکردی بر حس­ وضعیت مفصل مچ­پا در زنان فوتسالیست بود.
روش بررسی: در تحقیق نیمه­ تجربی حاضر 22 نفر از دانشجویان دختر فوتسالیست دانشگاه اصفهان با میانگین و انحراف معیار سن 8/1±20 سال، وزن 40/2 ±57 کیلوگرم، قد 73/5±161 سانتی­متر به‌صورت در دسترس انتخاب شدند. خستگی عملکردی فوتسال توسط پروتکل تعدیل شده شبه‌فوتبال بانگسبو ایجاد شد. حس‌­ وضعیت مفصل مچ ­پا توسط دستگاه ایزوکنتیک بایودکس در دو حالت اینورژن و اورژن در زاویه 15 درجه و خستگی توسط مقیاس بورگ قبل و بلافاصله پس از اجرای پروتکل خستگی اندازه­ گیری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ ها به وسیله آزمون T همبسته در سطح معناداری (05 /0P≤) انجام شد.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که پس از خستگی، میزان خطای بازیکنان در بازسازی زاویه مورد نظر به‌طور معناداری افزایش یافته است. براساس اطلاعات به‌دست آمده از مقیاس بورگ نیز میزان خستگی بازیکنان در پس­ آزمون (2/2±81/17) به طور معناداری بیشتر از پیش­ آزمون (81/0± 7) بود
(54/1 ES= و000/0P=).
نتیجه­ گیری: خستگی باعث تغییر در حس ­وضعیت مفصل مچ ­پا می­ شود. در تحقیق حاضر از پروتکل خستگی شبیه­ سازی شده با بازی فوتسال برای ایجاد خستگی در آزمودنی­ ها استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که پس از انجام پروتکل میزان خطای حس ­وضعیت افزایش زیادی داشته است. بنابراین احتمال آسیب‌دیدگی زیاد می­ شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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