Document Type : Research Paper
Background and Aim: The researches show that there is a relationship between sports and corrective exercises, with deformity and pains in the body. One of the common deformities among school and university students is uneven shoulders, but the effect of doing exercises on this deformity has not been investigated separately. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight-week corrective exercises program on the pain and degree of uneven shoulder deformity in female university students.
Materials and methods: students that suffered uneven shoulder deformity were selected and fifty students with the average age of 24.06 ± 2.58, the average height of 1.62 ± 0.06, the average weight of 55.56 ± 8.8 and the average body mass index (BMI) of 21.32 ± 3 were randomly selected and filled out the consent form. After that, uneven shoulder ’s degree was measured by an Angulometer and the amount of pain was measured by VAS (Visual Analog Scales). The participants were divided into two homogeneous experimental and control groups according to the degree of shoulder unevenness, height, weight, and body mass index. The experimental group carried out the therapeutic corrective Protocol consisting of traction-strength exercises for eight weeks, three days a week and after doing corrective exercises the pain and degree of uneven shoulder deformity in the two groups was measured again.
Results: Data analysis showed that in the experimental group, before and after eight weeks of corrective exercises, there was a significant difference at the level of P≤0.05 in the degree of shoulder unevenness and shoulder pain. Moreover, there was a significant difference in the amount of pain and degree of shoulder unevenness, after applying the exercise protocol on experimental and control groups.
Conclusion: The results show that selected corrective exercises are effective in reducing pain and correcting uneven shoulder deformity.